ACJU Online Newsletter: Vol. 1 Issue No. 17
01 Muharram 1437 / 15 October 2015
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The Month of Muharram
 Muharram is the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar. It is one of the four sanctified months (Al-Ashhur-Al-hurum) mentioned in the Qur’an.
“Surely, the number of months according to Allah is twelve (as written) in the Book of Allah on the day He created the heavens and the Earth, of which there are Four Sacred Months.” [9:36]  

Narrated Abu Bakrah Radhiyallahu Anhu:
The Prophet () said, "Time has come back to its original state which it had when Allah created the Heavens and the Earth; the year is twelve months, four of which are sacred. Three of them are in succession; Thul Qa'dah, Thul Hijjah and Al-Muharram, and (the fourth being) Rajab Mudar (named after the tribe of Mudar as they used to respect this month) which stands between Jumaada (As-Saani) and Sha'baan."
(Saheehul Bukhari, Saheehu Muslim)

It is known as the month of Allah (Shahrullah). And known as Al-Asamm
The month of Muharram has certain other characteristics peculiar to it which are specified below.
1. Fasting during the month
Abu Hurairah Radhiyallahu Anhu reported that he (the Messenger of Allah
() was asked as to which prayer was most excellent after the prescribed prayer, and which fast was most excellent after the month of Ramadhaan. He said:
Prayer offered in the middle of the night and the most excellent fast after (fasting) in the month of Ramadhaan is the fast in God's month al-Muharram.
(Saheehu Muslim)
2. The day of
Although the month of Muharram is a sanctified month as a whole, yet, the 10th day of Muharram is the most sacred among all its days. The day is named ‘A'shurah
He was asked about fasting on the day of 'Ashurah (10th of Muharram), whereupon be said: It expiates the sins of the preceding year. (Saheehu Muslim)
According to Ibnu Abbaas Radhiyallahu Anhuma, the Holy Prophet (), when migrated to Madeenah, found that the Jews of Madeenah used to fast on the 10th day of Muharram. The Prophet () asked them (about it) and they said that it was the day on which the Holy Prophet Musa (Moses) Alaihissalam and his followers crossed the Red Sea miraculously and the Pharaoh was drowned in its water. On hearing this from the Jews, the Holy Prophet () said, “We are more closely related to Musa than you” and directed the Muslims to fast on the day of
'Ashurah. (Abu Dawood)

Narrated Ibnu `Abbaas
Radhiyallahu Anhu:
When Allah's Messenger () arrived at Madeenah, he found the Jews observing the fast on the day of 'Ashura' (10th of Muharram). The Prophet () asked them (about it) and they replied, "This is the day when Moses became victorious over Pharaoh." The Prophet () said (to the Muslims), "We are nearer to Moses than they, so fast on this day."
When the Holy Prophet came to Madeenah, he fasted on the day of
'Ashurah and directed the people to fast it. But when the fasts of Ramadan were made obligatory, the obligation of fasting was confined to Ramadhaan and the obligatory nature of the fast of 'Ashurah was abandoned. One can fast on this day, if he so wills, or can avoid fasting, if he so wills.
Narrated `Aishah: Radhiyallahu Anha
Allah's Messenger () ordered (the Muslims) to fast on the day of 
'Ashurah, and when fasting in the month of Ramadan was prescribed, it became optional for one to fast on that day ‘Aashooraa or not.
According to another Hadees, it is more advisable that the fast of
'Ashurah should either be prefixed or suffixed by another fast. It means that one should fast two days: the 9th and 10th of Muharram or the 10th and 11th of it. The reason of this additional fast as mentioned by the Holy Prophet is that the Jews used to fast on the day of 'Ashurah alone, and the Holy Prophet wanted to distinguish the Islamic-way of fasting from that of Jews. Therefore, he advised the Muslims to add another fast to that of 'Ashurah.
Abdullah bin  'Abbaas Radhiyallahu Anhuma reported that the Messenger of Allah () had said:
If I live till the next (year), I would definitely observe fast on the 9th. (Saheehu Muslim)

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) said: 
The Messenger of Allah () said: “The best fast after Ramadan is in the month of Allah  Muharram.”

Sahih Muslim (1982)

Combining making up a missed Ramadan fast with the fast of ‘Ashoora’

If a person fasts with the intention of ‘Ashoora’, that will not be acceptable as making up for a missed Ramadan fast, but if he intends to make up the missed Ramadan fast and does that on the day of ‘Ashoora’, then his making up the missed fast will be valid, and there is the hope that he will also attain the reward for ‘Ashoora’, according to some scholars. 

Ar-Ramli (Rahmathullahi Alaihi) said in Nihaayat al-Muhtaaj (3/208): 
If one fasts in Shawwaal to make up a missed fast, or in fulfilment of a vow, or otherwise, or on an occasion such as the day of ‘Ashoora’, he will also attain the reward for the voluntary fast. '...but he will not attain the full reward that comes from doing what is required, especially if he missed Ramadan and fasted Shawwaal to make up for it. (Islamqa)

The members of the Executive Committee of ACJU met some Muslim Ministers on "Rehabilitation of the Northern Province Muslims" at the ACJU Head office on the 8th of October.

As a part of Project 'E': 'Transforming lives through Academic Motivation " the ACJU Education Division organized a Motivation program to the O/Level students of Al Hijra Muslim Maha Vidyalaya
, Colombo, on the 8th of October.

2 Day Seminar on Mathematics to
the O/Level students of Sebastian Muslim M.V. Aluthkade was conducted by some University Students during the last weekend, which was also organized by the ACJU Education Division.

Mufthi M.I.M Rizwe, currently attending a four-day Summit of Muslim religious leaders from the Asian and Pacific countries in Istanbul, Turkey. A total of 125 clerics from 37 countries have attended this Summit, which is called "Unity in Multiplicity: Rethinking Peace and Wisdom Together," focuses on cooperation with Muslims in Asian and Pacific countries.
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