ACJU Online Newsletter: Vol. 1 Issue No. 78
15th Rabeeunil Awwal 1438 / 16th December 2016
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Human Rights in Islam
Allâh has bestowed each individual with human dignity and honour, thus all humans are equal and form one universal community. At the centre of this universal brotherhood is the Islâmic affirmation of the oneness of Allâh (Tauhîd), which gives rise to certain rights that are divinely designed to preserve, protect and promote the brotherhood of humanity. 
“Behold Allâh enjoins justice, compassion, and generosity towards relatives, and He forbids all that is shameful, vice and rebellion. He admonishes you so that you may take heed” (16:90)
This verse sums up the underpinning values on which law is based in Islâm. It serves as the barometer, the criterion and the benchmark. All human rights affirmations that meet the criterion of justice, the promotion and protection of family values are in keeping with the teachings of the Dîn.

Some of the fundamental rights laid down by the Qur’ân are: 

The Right to Life: “Do not take any human being's life which Allâh has declared sacred other than in (pursuit) of justice…” (6:151)
The Right to dignity and honour: “O You who believe! Do not let one make fun of another, do not defame one another, do not insult by using nicknames, do not backbite or speak ill of one another” (49:11-12)
Right to privacy: Do not spy on one another. (49:12)
Do not enter any houses unless you are sure of the occupant's consent. (24:27)

The Right to a fair trial: “O you who believe! Be steadfast in your devotion to Allâh, bearing witness to the truth in all equity, and never let the hatred of anyone lead you to deviate from justice…” (5:8)
No citizen can be imprisoned unless his guilt has been proven in an open court. To arrest a man only on the basis of suspicion, without proper court proceedings and without providing him a reasonable opportunity to produce his defence is not permissible in Islam.
The Right to Protest against Tyranny: Among the rights that Islam has conferred on human beings is the right to protest against tyranny.
Abû Bakr Radhi-Allâhu 'anhu, in his very first address as Caliph said: "Cooperate with me when I am right, but correct me when I commit error; obey me so long as I follow the commandments of Allâh and His Prophet; but turn away from me when I deviate.”
Freedom of Expression: Islâm gives the right of freedom of thought and expression to all citizens of the Islâmic state on the condition that it should be used for the propagation of virtue and truth and not for spreading evil and wickedness. Under no circumstances does Islam allow evil and wickedness to be propagated under the guise of freedom of expression. It also does not give anybody the right to use abusive or offensive language in the name of criticism. 
The Right to Basic Necessities of Life: Islâm has recognized the right of the needy people for help and assistance to be provided to them: “And in their wealth there is acknowledged right for the needy and destitute. (51:19)
Equality before the Law: Islâm gives its citizens the right to absolute and complete equality in the eyes of the law. A woman belonging to a high and noble family was arrested in connection with theft. The case was brought to the Prophet, and it was recommended that she might be spared the punishment of theft. The Prophet replied, "The nations that lived before you were destroyed by Allâh because they punished the common man for their offenses, and let their dignitaries go unpunished for their crimes. I swear by Him Who holds my life in His hand that even if Fâtimah, daughter of Muhammad, had committed this crime, I would have amputated her hand."

May Allâh Ta'âlâ grant us the faith and foresight to preserve our distinct identity by embracing the revealed law as the basis of all human endeavours. Âmîn.
2016.12.15 ACJU Media Release -  Pray for Syria (Tamil)

The ACJU Council for Coordination & Cooperation (CCC) & ACJU Galagedara Divisional Branch organized a program on Introduction of ACJU and Samaaja Sanwaada Book Series at  Masjid ul Anwar, Galagedara, on the 12th of December.

A Baithuz Zakaath awareness program for the Masjid Trustees & Ulama was conducted by the ACJU Islamic Economics & Finance Division (ACJU-IEF) at Dantura, Kadugannawa, on the 11th of December.


Narrated An-Nu`man bin Bashir (RadhiyAllaahu anhu):
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "You see the believers as regards their being merciful among themselves and showing love among themselves and being kind, resembling one body, so that, if any part of the body is not well then the whole body shares the sleeplessness (insomnia) and fever with it."
Sahih al-Bukhari

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