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ACJU Online Newsletter: Vol. 1 Issue No. 13 
03 Thul Hijjah 1436 / 17 September 2015
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The Month of Thul Hijjah
The Month of Thul Hijjah is the last month of the Islamic calendar. Literally it means “the Month of Hajj.” Obviously this name of the month indicates that the great annual worship of “Hajj” is performed in this month. For this reason it has a peculiar significance as compared to other months of the year. It is the Second of the four sanctified months (al-ashhur-al-hurum) mentioned in the Qur’an. 

Narrated Abu Bakrah Radhiyallahu Anhu:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Time has come back to its original state which it had when Allah created the Heavens and the Earth; the year is twelve months, four of which are sacred. Three of them are in succession; Thul Qa'dah, Thul Hijjah and Al-Muharram, and (the fourth being) Rajab Mudar (named after the tribe of Mudar as they used to respect this month) which stands between Jumaada (As-Saani) and Sha'baan."  (Saheehul Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

Some days in this Month are called by descriptive names.
1) 8th day called Yawmuth tharwiya – The day of Tharwiya
2) 9th day is called Yawmu ‘arafah – The day of ‘Arafah
3) 10th day is called Yawmun Nahr – The day of Nahr
4) 11th, 12th & 13th days are called Ayyamuth Thashreeq – The days of Thashreeq 

The Significance of the first 10 days 
The first ten days of the month of Thul Hijjah are among the most magnificent days in Islamic calendar. 
1. Allahu Ta’ala has promised by these ten days.
In the Soora Al Fajr Allahu Ta’ala says “By ten nights” (89:2), Most of the Mufassireen say these ten nights refer to the first ten days of Thul Hijjah.

2. The good deeds done during the first 10 days of Thul Hijjah are much more desired by Allahu Ta’ala.
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas Radhiyallaahu anhuma: 
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) as saying: There is no virtue more to the liking of Allah in any day than in these days, that is, the first ten days of Dhu al-Hijjah. They (the Companions) asked: Messenger of Allah, not even the struggle in the path of Allah (Jihad) ? He said: (Yes), not even the struggle in the path of Allah, except a man who goes out (in the path of Allah) with his life and property, and does not return with any of them.  (Sunanu Abee Daud - 2440).

3. Within these there is a day called “Yawmuth tharwiya, which is the 8th day of Thul Hijjah. The deeds of Hajj is starting from this day onwards.

4. Within these there is a day called “Yawmu ‘Arafa”, which is the 9th day of Thul Hijjah. This day is the most glorified day. Because on this day all sins are forgiven and freed from the Hell.
'A'isha Radhiyallaahu Anha reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: 
There is no day when God sets free more servants from Hell than the Day of 'Arafa. He draws near, then praises them to the angels, saying: What do these want? (Saheehu Muslim – 3354

5. Within these there is a day called “Yawmun Nahr”, which is the 10th day of Thul Hijjah. This day is the most excellent day out of all other days. 
Narrated Abdullah ibn Qurt Radhiyallaahu anhu: 
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: The greatest day in Allah's sight is the day of sacrifice and next the day of resting. (Sunanu Abee Daud – 1767)

6. These grand days, repeating as annual events, includes the basic Ibadahs together. 
Ibnu Hajar Rahmathullahi Alaihi says: The reason for the first 10 days to be so much glorified is because Salah, Fasting, Sadaqa and Hajj are performed together within these 10 days. In other periods this does not happen together. (Fathhul Bari)

The Ibadahs to be performed particularly in the first 10 days

1. Performing Hajj and Umrah
Abu Hurairah Radhiyallaahu anhu reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: An Umra is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the next, and Hajj which is accepted will receive no other reward than Paradise. (Saheehul Bukhary – 1683.  Saheehu Muslim - 3355)

2. Fasting
Generally fasting during the first nine days of this month is Sunnah. And, fasting on the 9th day is Sunnah Muakkadah. 
It was narrated from Hunaidah bin Khalid
Radhiyallaahu anhu that his wife said:
"One of the wives of the Prophet said: "The Prophet used to fast on the day of 'Ashura, nine days of Dhul-Hijjiah and three days each month: The first Monday of the month, and two Thursday." (Sunanun Nasaai - 2372)

The Fast of Yawmu ‘Arafah
For those not performing Hajj, it is Mustahabb (desirable) to fast on this day according to their own calendar. It sometimes occurs that the date of 9th thul Hijjah falls on different days in different countries according to the sighting of the moon. In such cases, Muslims of each country should observe ‘Yawmu ‘Arafah according to the lunar dates of their own country.

The fast of ‘Yawmu ‘Arafah’ has been emphasized by the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) as a Mustahabb (desirable) act. According to a hadith, 
It was narrated from Abu Qatadah
Radhiyallaahu anhu that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
“Fasting on the Day of ‘Arafah, I hope from Allah, expiates for the sins of the year before and the year after.”

3. Participating more in Thahleel, Thakbeer and Thahmeeth –
It was narrated from Ibnu Omar Radhiyallahu Anhuma  that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “There are no days that are greater before Allaah or in which good deeds are more beloved to Him, than these ten days, so recite a great deal of tahleel, takbeer and tahmeed during them.”  (Musnad Ahmad)
Thahleel: لاإله إلا الله 
Takbeer: الله أكبر 
Thahmeeth: الحمد لله  

4. Udhhiyyah 
It was narrated from ’Aishah
Radhiyallaahu anha that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:
“The son of Adam does not do any deed on the Day of Sacrifice that is dearer to Allah than giving Udhhiyyah. It will come on the Day of Resurrection with its horns and cloven hoofs and hair. Its blood is accepted by Allah before it reaches the ground. So be content when you do it.” (Sunanuth Thirmithi)
A’isha (Radhiyallahu Anha) reported Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) as saying:
There is no day when God sets free more servants from Hell than the Day of ‘Arafa. He draws near, then praises them to the angels, saying: What do these want?
Sahih Muslim - Hadith: 3126

What are the important aspects that should be considered in performing Uldhiyyah?
 
Uldhiyya is an important Ibaadah in Islam. It is a very important Sunnah. One who fulfills this one’s sins are forgiven. Due to Uldhiyya poor and rich get the opportunity of celebrating the festival happily. The local cattle farmers benefit from this trading during this period.
 
Islam respects all lives and prevents from giving pain to others. It encourages love for animals. Once a person tortured an animal without giving food, Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) warned and said be afraid of Allah in the case of animals that cannot speak with others.
 
Therefore, those attending the Uldhiyya (Qurban) should be kind to those animals. It is obligatory for this Ibaadah to be performed according to the guidelines given in Islam. Then only the excellence of this Ibaadah could be obtained. Allah says in the Holy Qur’aan,
It is neither their flesh nor their blood that reaches Allah, but what does reach Him is the Taqwa (the sense of obedience) on your part. Thus He has made them (the animals) subjugated to you, so that you proclaim Allah's glory for the guidance He gave you. And give good news to those who are good in their deeds.
”(Surah Al-Hajj 22: Verse 37)
 
When performing this Ibaadah the following Sharee’ah guidelines should be taken into consideration:
 
1. Should refrain from giving any sort of torture to the animals chosen for Uldhiyya.
2. Sufficient food should be provided to the animals until the sacrifice.
3. Should not sacrifice other animals in front of the animals chosen for Uldhiyya.
4. The knife used for sacrifice should be kept very sharp.
5. The place of performing the Uldhiyya should be very clean. The bones, blood and all left over secretions of the animal chosen for Uldhiyya should be buried.
6. The place of sacrifice and the place where the remains were buried should be sprayed with insecticide and given an atmosphere of guaranty for health.
7. There is a law relating to slaughtering in our country, and as citizens we should give importance to it. Certificate of animal rights, Receipt of the details of the animal, Health certificate, Permit for transporting the animals are some documents which should be ready in advance with those intending to perform Uldhiyya.
8. You must totally avoid transporting animals without permit, and overloading animals beyond the space available in the vehicle.
9. Living in multi-ethnic society we should not harm the people of other society or do anything arousing their feelings.
10. We should avoid sacrificing during the Poya days, instead we can choose other days, to get rid of unwanted problems.
11. When performing Uldhiyya, we should strictly avoid taking photos or video clips and uploading to websites.
12. Those who wish to perform Uldhiyya, it is better to contact the area Masjid or the Masjid Federation, and fulfilling this Ibadah jointly with them.
 
It is vital to understand, the importance and the significance of Uldhiyya, and also the importance of following the country’s rules and regulations on this matter, specially respecting the feelings of non-Muslims who are not in favour of slaughtering.


Ash Sheikh Fazil Farook and Ash Sheikh Abdur Rahmaan participated at a meeting organized by the Congress of Religions to discuss the challenges faced as a country from the International Community in relation to the Civil War on the 8th September at the Archbishop's House, Borella. 

Reorganizing of the Mullipothana Divisional Branch of ACJU was on the 12th of September and the Reorganizing of the Jaffna District Branch was held on the 13th of September.

Guidelines for First crescent sighting in English - Video

Five Criteria on deciding the First crescent in English - Video

The ACJU Hijri Calendar for the Month of Thul Hijjah - 1436

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