The Month of Thul Hijjah
The month of Thul Hijjah is the last month of the Islamic calendar. Literally it mean “the month of Hajj.” Obviously this name of the month indicates that the great annual worship of “Hajj” is performed in this month. For this reason it has a peculiar significance as compared to other months of the year. It is the Second of the four sanctified months (al-ashhur-al-hurum) mentioned in the Qur’an.
The Ibadahs to be performed particularly in the first 10 days.
1.Performing Hajj and Umrah
Abu Hurairah Radhiyallaahu anhu reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: An Umra is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the next, and Hajj which is accepted will receive no other reward than Paradise. (Saheehul Bukhary – 1683. Saheehu Muslim - 3355)
Generally fasting during the first nine days of this month is Sunnah. And, fasting on the 9th day is Sunnah Muakkadah.
It was narrated from Hunaidah bin Khalid that his wife said:
"One of the wives of the Prophet (ﷺ) said: "The Prophet (ﷺ) used to fast on the day of 'Aashura, nine days of Dhul-Hijjiah and three days each month: The first Monday of the month, and two Thursday." (Sunanun Nasaai - 2372)
3. Participating more in Thahleel, Thakbeer and Thahmeeth –
It was narrated from Ibnu Omar RadhiyaThe Fast of Yawmu ‘Arafah
For those not performing Hajj, it is mustahabb(desirable) to fast on this day according to their own calendar. It sometimes occurs that the date of 9th thul Hijjah falls on different days in different countries according to the sighting of the moon. In such cases, Muslims of each country should observe ‘Yawmu ‘Arafah according to the lunar dates of their own country.
The fast of ‘Yawmu ‘Arafah’ has been emphasized by the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) as a Mustahabb (desirable) act. According to a hadith,
It was narrated from Abu Qatadah that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
“Fasting on the Day of ‘Arafah, I hope from Allah, expiates for the sins of the year before and the year after.”llahu Anhuma that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “There are no days that are greater before Allaah or in which good deeds are more beloved to Him, than these ten days, so recite a great deal of tahleel, takbeer and tahmeed during them.” (Musnad Ahmad)
Thahleel: لاإله إلا الله
Takbeer: الله أكبر
Thahmeeth: الحمد لله
It was narrated from ’Aishah Radhiyallahu Anha that the Prophet () said:
“The son of Adam does not do any deed on the Day of Sacrifice that is dearer to Allah than giving Udhhiyyah. It will come on the Day of Resurrection with its horns and cloven hoofs and hair. Its blood is accepted by Allah before it reaches the ground. So be content when you do it.” (Sunanuth Thirmithi)