Nov 10, 2021  |  VIEW IN BROWSER


The Next 50 Years, the Same Commitment

Kendra Moesle, AFOP Director of Workforce Development
November 2, 2021

50 years ago, eight visionaries founded our Association, who, after meeting for years as a consortium, saw the need for a united organization through which “all programs organized to aid seasonal and migrant farm workers may work together more effectively”[1]. Those original eight incorporators were:
  • Arkansas Farmers Union Displaced Farm Workers Program (now Arkansas Human Development Corporation)
  • Florida Department of Education
  • Mississippi Delta Council for Farm Workers Opportunities, Inc.
  • Motivation, Education, & Training (MET), Incorporated
  • Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers Association, now Telamon Corporation
  • Program Funding, Inc. (now PathStone Corporation)
  • Tennessee Opportunity Programs, Incorporated
AFOP’s initial Articles of Incorporation were signed in Raleigh, NC, on February 9, 1971. They weren’t processed in Washington, D.C. until 13 years later, on February 22, 1984, around the same time CETA (Comprehensive Employment & Training Act) became JTPA (Job Training Partnership Act). By then, AFOP’s membership had grown to include all providers of MSFW job training.
Ms. Gaila Fletcher, former executive director of TOPS, tells us what it was like in those early days:

“We had to travel to DC and bring our accountant and authorized representative to negotiate the budget in person. We would ship our typewriters, too, because DOL would respond and you’d have to tear it right up, then be ready to go the next morning. You’d be up all night putting edits in your proposal!”
Fortunately, the budget negotiation process has changed for the better, but one aspect about our beginnings has not: the need to fight for our own legitimacy. Then, and now, we have heard the steady refrain – all the way from sitting presidents, to partners in the workforce system, to federal agencies and auditors – that NFJP is “duplicative” and would be more efficient if it were given to the states.

But those who have been in the business long enough to see firsthand the quality that is NFJP, resoundingly disagree. Jodie Sue Kelly, longtime provider of workforce development training and co-founder and president of Cygnet Associates, says that an NFJP operated by the states would become “watered-down,” political, and nowhere near as successful as it is now. That’s because it takes a lot of extra effort and passion to find farmworkers and help them overcome challenges to their success. That, in a nutshell, describes our members – passionate and hard-working – and it is a legacy we are zealous to maintain.
Stuart Mitchell, Executive Director of PathStone, Corporation, who started with the organization in the 60’s, has this to say to AFOP:

“If you do not aggressively advocate with and generate support from key congressional members across the country, my prediction is we will soon lose essential congressional support and end up block granted into a broad nondescript training employment program that does not allocate funding specifically for farmworkers. Our unprecedented and sacred national farmworker movement will die. And we will have no one to blame but ourselves.

It takes effort and energy and commitment of personal financial resources as well as aggressive support from staff, board members and our farmworker advocate network throughout the country. No one else will do this work for us nor would we want anyone to take over our responsibility.”
Our motto is, “Advocate, Educate, & Train.” Let’s remember to do all three.

1. Articles of incorporation, State of North Carolina, February 9, 1971.


‘Build Back’ Bill Offers Work Authorization for Undocumented Immigrants

Successful Farming
November 5, 2021

Hundreds of thousands of undocumented farmworkers could gain employment and travel authorization under provisions in the social welfare and climate change bill drafted by House Democrats. The “build back better” bill would cover several groups of undocumented immigrants besides farmworkers, including the so-called Dreamers and those who have been given temporary protected status.

Under the proposal, the Department of Homeland Security would grant employment and travel authorization to undocumented immigrants who entered the United States before 2011 if they apply for parole, pay a processing fee, and pass background and security checks. The grants of parole would last for five years but could be renewed through Sept. 30, 2031.

“There is more work to be done,” said the United Farm Workers union and the UFW Foundation. “Yet the real, tangible relief for millions of undocumented immigrants across the country this program would offer cannot be ignored.”
Read More
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., meets with reporters Thursday. J. Scott Applewhite, AP

Infrastructure Bill Passes the House, While ‘Build Back Better’ Encounters Further Setbacks

AFOP Informs Members What the Bill, if Passed, Would Mean for Them
November 5th, 2021

The House of Representatives passed a key procedural vote early Saturday morning to line up eventual passage of the Build Back Better Act, President Joe Biden’s signature social safety net and climate change bill.

The party-line vote came soon after the House late Friday night passed the $1 trillion, Senate-approved bipartisan infrastructure bill, which will now go to Biden’s desk.

The procedural vote on the bigger social services and climate plan represented just a partial victory for the White House and Democratic leaders in the House, who had hoped to pass both the procedural vote and the final bill Friday.

Daniel Sheehan, AFOP executive director, has been keeping members apprised of each new revision of the economic “Build Back Better” bill as it has been introduced, including what the bill means for NFJP:

“The compromise Build Back Better reconciliation agreement would boost NFJP an additional $70 million over five years ($14 million per year), retain the 150-percent-of-poverty low-income definition, and steer $60 million over five years ($12 million a year) to MSFW youth activities. The BBB funds would be available from fiscal year 2022 through fiscal year 2026. NFJP will start using its fiscal year 2022 dollars on July 1 of next year.

Those BBB funds would be in addition to the regular appropriations Congress directs to NFJP each year. For fiscal year 2022, both the House-passed and draft Senate appropriations bills seek $96.711 million for NFJP, preserve the 150-percent definition, and allow ETA to begin processing grant awards starting April 1 (versus July 1).

If the compromise plan and regular appropriations are approved as written, NFJP would see in fiscal year 2022 a total $115,311,000.”
Read More



Jobs Program a Lifeline for Oregon Farmworker Families: ‘All the Tools to Improve your Future’

AFOP Member OHDC in the News
Salem Statesman Journal
November 8, 2021

Oregon Human Development Corporation (OHDC) was in the news this week for their strong NFJP program and the success story of one of their participants, Ms. Yadira Sanchez. Ms. Sanchez and her husband completed job training through NFJP, and she was then identified as a good match for OHDC. She now works for OHDC as a support specialist.

As a teenager, Yadira Sanchez spent the summers in high school waking up at 3 a.m. to harvest parsley, spinach and cilantro around King City, Calif., work she described as challenging and exhausting. Years later, she and her three children shuffled between California and the Mid-Valley for her husband’s seasonal job in the Christmas tree industry. 

Now that they have more stable jobs with higher pay and benefits – she as an OHDC support specialist, he as a janitor - both parents are able to support one another better and spend more time with their children. “I like everything about my job. I just feel good because they see I have potential,” Sanchez, 31, said.

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From Fieldworker to John Deer Technician

A Kansas SER Corp Success Story
Roberta Pianalto, NFJP Client Service Agent

Growing up, Ernan Mendoza traveled and worked the harvest across Oklahoma, Colorado, and Kansas. The work was hard, and it was often very hot. He enjoyed working the harvest but realized if he continued in this line of work, he would always be earning low wages. Ernan decided to seek a career where he could work year-round and earn a livable wage.

Ernan has always been intrigued with motors especially farm equipment engines. He began searching for training programs through which he could fulfill his passion. One of his friends told him about the John Deere Agriculture Technician program at Garden City Community College. He researched the program and found he could attend training while also working part time. He also started researching ways to pay for college. Ernan was introduced to Roberta Pianalto, a client service agent for SER Corporation’s National Farmworker Jobs Training Program (NFJP) in Kansas. Ernan’s background as a seasonal farmworker qualified him for NFJP and he received tuition and housing assistance and paid On- the-Job Training (OJT).

Whenever Ernan struggled during his training, he remembered his goal and stayed focused on that target. Roberta met with Ernan monthly and offered tips on ways to stay focused. She also assisted him with interview skills and other career services to prepare him with securing a job and becoming a great employee.

Ernan finished his training in May 2021. When he received his degree, American Implement in Ulysses, Kansas hired him for a full-time permanent position. American Implement signed an OJT contract with SER Corporation. After finishing the OJT, Ernan was offered a technician position at $18.00 per hour with full benefits and the potential for a raise after 90 days. The pay and benefits were better than he could have imagined. Ernan’s supervisor told Ernan the company was thrilled to have him join its team.

Ernan cherishes the life skills he learned while working the harvest fields, as it taught him to work hard and to stay focused. He is also thankful for the help and encouragement SER Corporation gave him while going through training, specifically the financial help and guidance. He sincerely appreciates all the support he received from NFJP.
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CHN Letter to All U.S. House Members Urges Passage of Build Back Better and Infrastructure Proposals

AFOP Co-signs Letter
Coalition on Human Needs
November 4, 2021

The Coalition on Human Needs last week delivered a letter to every member of the U.S. House urging them to vote “yes” on the Build Back Better Act (H.R. 5376) and the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (H.R. 3684). "Our nation needs these investments in our future," the letter states. "You have the historic opportunity to redress our vulnerabilities by voting for Build Back Better and the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act.”

“Inequities have been tearing at our social fabric and weakening our economic potential. Immigrants are our neighbors and our essential workers. The pathway to citizenship in H.R. 5376 is simple justice; we also favor other protections and work permits for Dreamers, TPS recipients, farmworkers and other immigrants, and strongly oppose any efforts to reduce already limited access to benefits for immigrants.”

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Vaccination Mandates Set to Take Effect in 2022

AFOP Members Move Quickly to Comply with the Law
November 4, 2021

OSHA has announced a new Emergency Temporary Standard on Vaccination and Testing that will be fully in effect by Jan 4, 2022. Here are four things you need to know:
  1. Employers with at least 100 employees will be required to adopt a mandatory vaccination policy unless they adopt a policy requiring unvaccinated workers to undergo weekly testing and wear a face covering at work.
  2. Covered employers must provide paid time for workers to get the COVID-19 vaccine and ensure workers have paid sick leave to recover from any side effects that prevent them from working.
  3. Employers must comply with most provisions by 30 days after the date of publication in the Federal Register, and comply with the testing requirement by 60 days after the date of publication in the Federal Register. Learn more about compliance dates here
  4. Businesses that don’t comply may face significant OSHA fines.
AFOP members have been acting quickly to comply with the new law, obtaining legal advice and board approval before moving forward with a COVID vaccine mandate-or-test policy. While there are concerns that already short-staffed organizations could lose even more employees as a result of the mandate, others have seen more of their workers stay on than expected.
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The town of Simsbury plans to preserve the remaining tobacco barns on the Meadowood farmland, some of which have been lost to solar-farm development. (Kesha Lambert)

Connecticut Tobacco Field where Dr. Martin Luther King Worked to be Historically Protected

The Hill
October 11, 2021

Though it is not widely known that the great Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was once a farmworker, indeed he was, for two summers in the tobacco fields of Connecticut. King, as part of a partnership with Atlanta's Morehouse College, was reportedly sent there with a group of students in 1944 to work the fields and earn money for tuition. He returned there three years later to work one additional summer. 

The Town of Simsbury, Connecticut, and the Trust for Public Land announced that the property known locally as Meadowood — a 288-acre area that was once a tobacco farm — will be preserved for future generations to learn about the experiences of Black Americans.
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Civil Rights Icon Dolores Huerta Interviewed on
October 26, 2021

PBS’s Kelly Corrigan interviewed Dolores Huerta on “Tell Me More” last month, describing Dolores Huerta as “one of the most effective, living activists,” as well as an expert on how to organize for change.
In the interview, Huerta tells the story behind her rallying cry, “Sí se puede,” as well as how she survived severe police brutality while peacefully protesting. “In order to end the systemic racism that we have, income inequality, the homophobia, climate deniers,” Huerta told Corrigan, “It all comes down to two things, really:  education, and civic engagement. And when you put that together, it kind of sounds like democracy.” 
Watch the video before it expires on 11/23.


Looking for 2022 CIFC Art & Essay Contest Sponsors

Children in the Fields Campaign

AFOP’s Children in the Fields Campaign believes farmworker children have a story to tell. We offer that platform through our annual Essay and Art Contest. The stories are used to help advocate for farmworker children’s rights. Each year, we receive hundreds of essays and works of art from students across the country, giving farmworker children the opportunity to showcase their heartwarming and compelling stories on the national stage and to empower them through our contests as they find the power in their voice.
  • Diamond Sponsor - Exclusively sponsors the CIFC Contest - $15,000
  • Platinum Sponsor - Exclusively sponsors one winner and their chaperon - $2,500
  • Gold Sponsor - $1,000 towards CIFC contest winners’ prizes & travel
  • Silver Sponsor - $700 towards CIFC contest winners’ prizes & travel
  • Bronze Sponsor - $300 towards CIFC contest winners’ prizes & travel
  • Donor - Any donation towards CIFC contest winners’ prizes & travel
Donations can be mailed to:
Pay to: AFOP
Note: CIFC Contest
Attn: Melanie Forti
1150 Connecticut Ave. N.W., Suite 315
Washington, D.C. 20036
You can be the difference between making the contest happen in 2022 and raising farmworker children voices, or not. Please help if you can!

New Research on Farmworker Children Released

Report Reveals the Inequities and Inconsistencies in Federal and State Labor Laws
Child Labor Coalition
November 5, 2021

There is a new resource in the fight against the exploitation of child farmworkers: “Child Farmworkers: Too Young, Vulnerable, & Unprotected” a research report from Lawyers for Good Government (L4GG) and the Child Labor Coalition (CLC) that examines the status of child labor laws at the state level and focuses attention on the racially discriminatory impact of our child labor laws  ̶  federal and state  ̶  on children of color.

The 64-page report includes 33-pages of state-by-state child labor law documentation. The entire report can be downloaded here.


NFTP Open for Enrollment

AFOP Health & Safety
November 3, 2021

AFOP Health & Safety Programs will be accepting new enrollments for the National Farmworker Training Program (NFTP) PY 2022, starting November 8 and running through November 19. Through this program, AFOP’s NFTP provides multiple occupational health safety training topics to the farmworker community. This is possible thanks to the support and funding of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). The program will begin on January 10, 2022, but don’t wait to apply!
  • Up to $10,000 in training allowances (unrestricted)
  • Up to $500 in bonuses (unrestricted)
  • Up to $3,000 in event challenges (unrestricted)
  • Free staff development and training materials valued at $3,985
  • Great outreach tool to scout for NFJP candidates while providing trainings
  • Great opportunity to build long-lasting relationships with employers, growers, and other organizations
  • Community engagement
  • National visibility through social media
  • Expand organization’s programs and services
  • Program technical support
Don’t miss the opportunity of expanding your organization’s reach, gain unrestricted funding, and free professional development for your staff while empowering the farmworker community through health and safety education, resources, and advocacy. For more information contact Melanie Forti at

OSHA Begins Process of Creating Standard to Protect Workers from Hazardous Heat

Comments Sought on Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
Federal Register
October 26, 2021

The U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) published an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) for Heat Injury and Illness Prevention in Outdoor and Indoor Work Settings on October 27, 2021. OSHA does not have a specific standard yet for hazardous heat conditions and this action begins the process to consider a heat-specific workplace rule.

This news is being celebrated by AFOP and other advocacy groups, as they have long sought better protections for farmworkers and other vulnerable workers, particularly in the face of rising global temperatures.

The ANPRM provides an overview of the problem of heat stress in the workplace and of measures that have been taken to prevent it. It also seeks information on issues that OSHA can consider in developing the standard, including the scope of the standard and the types of controls that might be required.

Comments on the proposed rule must be submitted on or before December 27, 2021.
An aerial pesticide applicator flies over a corn field outside Denton, MD 
Photo Credit: AFOP Health & Safety

As Masses of Plaintiffs Pursue Roundup Cancer Compensation, Migrant Farmworkers are Left Out

Environmental Health News
October 14, 2021

In 2018, a California school groundskeeper took Monsanto Company to court, alleging that Roundup, one of America's most popular weed killers, caused his Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cancer. The jury agreed and ordered Monsanto to pay the man $289 million in damages, concluding the world's first Roundup cancer trial.

Since then, more than 100,000 plaintiffs exposed to Roundup have sought restitution in the courts. While Bayer, the colossal German chemical and pharmaceutical company that now owns Monsanto, has agreed to pay billions of dollars to put these cancer lawsuits to rest, legal experts say migrant farmworkers, who are at the forefront of pesticide and herbicide exposures, including Roundup, are expected to be left out.

It is hard to know exactly how many migrant farmworkers have filed lawsuits against Bayer. However, after speaking with law firms that have represented plaintiffs from major Roundup cancer lawsuits and farmworker organizations across the country, Environmental Health News has found little evidence that any migrant farmworkers have done so. Fear of retaliation, and a lack of legal resources and legal immigration status, has diminished migrant farmworkers' likelihood to seek justice and compensation.

Read More


Mohamed Hassan/Pixabay

Why are So Many Americans Quitting Their Jobs?

October 19, 2021

It's common to see a surge in quitting when the job market is tight and there's a cornucopia of open positions. But what's happening now is unlike anything we've seen before. Economists and pollsters are still investigating what's going on. Are generous government benefits encouraging people to quit? Maybe, but some evidence suggests not. Are people angling for a raise after decades of stagnant pay? Probably, yeah. The family pressures imposed by closed schools, the closing and reopening of businesses, the reshuffling of the population to different locations and industries, and the fear of the virus in face-to-face settings have all also almost certainly played a role. But the historic rise in quitting also seems to be about more than all of this.
Economists and other experts are only recently calling this lasting trend of workers walking off the job “the Great Resignation.” However, AFOP members have been noticing it since just months into the pandemic. Hiring was difficult then, and it’s been getting no easier. The fact that members are non-profits that must compete for a limited amount of grant money every four years limits employee pay and the benefits they’re able to offer. Possibilities of remote work are also very limited, given the outreach and recruitment needs of the farmworker population.
In a new working paper, the UC Berkeley economist Ulrike Malmendier suggests there's something existential behind the Great Resignation: the pandemic and the rise of remote work have changed the way we view our lives and the world.
Read More

Hispanic Workers in the Labor Force Rising Steadily

U.S. Department of Labor Blog
September 15, 2021

Hispanics are driving labor force growth, and are projected to account for 78% of net new workers between 2020 and 2030, according to a blog post by the U.S. Department of Labor. The U.S. labor force growth rate has slowed over the past couple of decades – and what growth has occurred is largely due to the increasing number of Hispanic workers.
Non-Hispanic growth was negligible over the past 10 years, at just 0.5%. With Hispanic workers’ growth factored in, the nation’s overall labor force growth rate clocked in at 4.5%. As a share of the overall labor force, the gap between Hispanics and non-Hispanics is still large but shrinking. The Hispanic proportion of the workforce has increased from 8.5% in 1990 to 18.0% in 2020. In 2030, the Bureau of Labor Statistics projects Hispanics to account for 1 out of every 5 workers in the labor force, at 21.2%.

Read More

Looking Back on a Year of Remote Work to See the Way Forward

American Enterprise Institute
By Brent Orrell
September 16, 2021

At the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic, 35 percent of employees were working from home, according to a recent report by the American Enterprise Institute. About 14 percent continue to do so, roughly double the pre-pandemic rate. Remote-work prevalence and preference vary by demographic characteristics, income level, occupation, and political and ideological orientation.

Employee outcomes include increased productivity and costs and savings in time and money. Increased electronic monitoring by employers, however, has limited anticipated increases in worker autonomy.

The future of remote work will be determined by a market-driven negotiation process between workers and employers navigating the costs and benefits of online work.
Read the full report


Protesters hold various signs and banners at a DACA rally in San Francisco. Photo by Wikipedia user Pax Ahimsa Gethen

New Regulations to Continue DACA Would Reopen the Program to New Applicants

Employment & Training Reporter
October 18, 2021

The Biden Administration proposed new regulations to continue Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, which grants work authorization to undocumented immigrants who entered the country as children and protects them from deportation. This would reopen the program to new applicants.

This move responds to a U.S. District Court ruling in July against the 2012 Obama Administration policy that, through a Department of Homeland Security policy memo, directed immigration enforcement officers to exercise prosecutorial discretion in deferring removal proceedings for certain young people. This policy has been subject to several court actions over the years, including challenges to the original policy and to the Trump Administration’s efforts to wind it down.

Last year, the Supreme Court decided that the Trump Administration had overstepped its authority in ending the program, but left open legal challenges, based on the Administrative Procedures Act, on the grounds of how the Obama Administration had drafted the policy. In his July ruling, a judge in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas ruled the program illegal on these grounds, in a case brought by a group of conservative state attorneys general. Citing the importance of DACA to the workforce, that judge remanded the program to the Biden Administration to put forward a new justification and terms, while temporarily blocking the administration from accepting new DACA applications. The ruling allowed for federal officials to renew individuals’ DACA status.

“The Biden-Harris Administration continues to take action to protect Dreamers and recognize their contributions to this country,” Secretary for Homeland Security Alejandro Mayorkas said, announcing the proposed regulations, which were published in the September 28 Federal Register. “This notice of proposed rulemaking is an important step to achieve that goal. However, only Congress can provide permanent protection. I support the inclusion of immigration reform in the reconciliation bill and urge Congress to act swiftly to provide Dreamers the legal status they need and deserve.”

The rulemaking notes that more than 825,000 people have received DACA coverage since the policy was first implemented.

Comment period closes on November 29th, 2021.

“Undocumented and Unafraid”: Students Speak Out for Immigration Reform

Coalition on Human Needs
October 29, 2021

“Undocumented and Unafraid” examines lives in limbo without permanent protections. With students in school this fall amidst the ongoing stresses of the COVID-19 pandemic, many young people and their families are also burdened with additional anxieties and stresses associated with being undocumented. These additional challenges could include not having the proper documentation for certain opportunities, such as federal student aid, living with the fear of deportation, or dealing with anti-immigrant rhetoric often circulated in political discourse.

Listen here


NFJP Grantees Called to Examine and Adjust Policies and Procedures

November 4, 2021

NFJP grantees should have separate eligibility determination procedures for dependents of a farmworker versus the farmworker themselves, USDOL advised on October’s monthly NFJP call. Dependency should not disqualify an individually-eligible farmworker youth from the program, even if they still live in the same house as their parents. And tax returns need only be collected when proving dependency, not in disproving a farmworker youth’s low-income status.

In this and other ways, USDOL has been encouraging NFJP grantees to carefully examine their policies and procedures for ways they might reduce the documentation burden on participants. At the heart of that directive is TEGL 18-16 Change 1’s updated understanding of “individually eligible farmworker youth” as defined at 20 CFR 685.110, as well as family size as defined at 20 CFR 675.300.

If you have questions, consult your FPO or email the NFJP mailbox at

The next monthly NFJP call will be held on Tuesday, November 16th, 2021.
(c) Shutterstock

Resources Available to Support Work-based Learning

Workforce GPS
November 2, 2021

This month, USDOL’s WorkforceGPS platform is highlighting work-based learning (WBL) strategies and the many approaches that it can take. The "premiere" version of WBL is apprenticeships that include a rigorous program of academic instruction and paid work experience. But WBL can also include internships, on-the-job training and mentorships.
WorkforceGPS has a number of Communities including Apprenticeship, Apprenticeships: Closing the Skills Gap, State Apprenticeship Grants, Youth Apprenticeship Readiness, and others that feature work-based learning resources and successful practices. Additional resources are constantly being added as this strategy to learning becomes more and more recognized as a win-win for the individual and the employer.
Check out these resources to help you grow apprenticeship for the youth populations.


The Rural South: Where Austerity Thrives and Black and Latinx Americans Perish

The Groundwork Collaborative & The Insight Center
October 26, 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic has devastated Black and Latinx communities across the rural south. The magnitude of this public health and economic crisis exposed the harms of austerity and the resulting disinvestment in public infrastructure and social safety net programs.
The pandemic should have been a wake-up call to increase workplace pay and protections. Instead, policymakers and society willingly label frontline workers as essential while failing to see them as full people, and continue to deny them work support like child care and paid leave.
Click here to read the full report.

‘The Struggle is Real’: Why These Americans are Still Getting Left Behind in the Recovery

Washington Post
By Heather Long and Andrew Van Dam
October 7, 2021

In a telling sign of the disparities, Americans 25 years or older with college degrees fully recovered all their pandemic job losses by May, while similarly aged Americans without college degrees remain 4.6 million jobs below pre-pandemic levels.
Even Black Americans with a bachelor’s or advanced college degree are struggling to regain lost ground during the pandemic. Their unemployment is higher than White high school graduates, a Washington Post analysis shows. But looking across all groups, employment among Black women is the least recovered, with more than 550,000 fewer adult Black women working now than in February 2020.
Read More
The AFOP Washington Newsline (ISSN# 1056-8565) is produced by the Association of Farmworker Opportunity Programs (AFOP), a national federation of agencies serving migrant and seasonal farmworkers. AFOP’s mission is to improve the quality of life for migrant and seasonal farmworkers and their families by promoting self-sufficiency through employment and training opportunities, educational attainment, and health and safety.

The publication is funded by subscriptions and the members of AFOP. The Washington Newsline receives no financial support from the federal government. Staff may be reached by calling (202) 963-3200.
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