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CHAS e-newsletter provides policy briefs, service innovations, upcoming events and opportunities for health policy and services researchers at the University of Chicago.
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THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO
School of Social Service Administration
CHAS eNews: July 2016
POLICY BRIEFS
CDC Grand Rounds Addresses Youth Violence
Youth violence is a serious public health problem.  Homicide is the third leading cause of death for young people between 10 and 24 years of age, non-fatal injuries are even more common, and exposure to violence—whether as victims, perpetrators, or witnesses—is associated with a host of adverse physical, mental, and social health outcomes.   Recognizing the importance of this issue, the CDC brought together a panel of experts on youth violence, including CHAS faculty member Deborah Gorman-Smith (SSA), for a Grand Rounds discussion in February 2014.  Panelists focused on the importance of taking a public health approach to youth violence, and detailed a broad range of effective interventions aimed at individual, family, and community-level factors.  The message was clear: youth violence is preventable.  However, as noted in the report: “No one program, practice, or policy can address all the factors that contribute to youth violence.”  Rather, “a comprehensive prevention approach that includes multiple strategies to address individual, relationship, and community-level risk factors is critical.”  For the report based on the Grand Rounds see: David-Ferdon, C., Simon, T. R., Spivak, H., Gorman-Smith, D., Savannah, S. B., Listenbee, R. L., & Iskander, J. (2015). CDC Grand Rounds: Preventing Youth Violence. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 64(7), 171-174. To view the panel presentation, see: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4NqfoPq4khI
Delivery Reforms Under the ACA Hold Promise for Reducing the Racial Gap in Breast Cancer Mortality 
One of the most persistent and troubling disparities in health care is the racial divide in breast cancer incidence and mortality.  As has been documented over years, African American women are less likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer, yet far more likely to die from it than white women.  In a recent article, CHAS Fellow Olufunmilayo Olopdode (Department of Medicine) and colleague Bobby Daly, review what is known about this racial divide and evaluate efforts to remedy it to date.  Three key factors, they argue, play a role: tumor biology, genomics and disparities in health care. These factors converge to produce a “perfect storm,” “that leads to the mortality gap because the delays, misuse, and underuse of treatment [experienced by African American women] . . . are of increased significance when patients are presenting with more aggressive forms of breast cancer.” Both expanded research and systems-level (not just patient-centered) reforms are needed, Olopade and Daly argue.  They review interventions to date, and discuss key opportunities under the ACA.  For more, see: Daly, B., & Olopade, O. I. (2015). A Perfect Storm: How Tumor Biology, Genomics, and Health Care Delivery Patterns Collide to Create A Racial Survival Disparity in Breast Cancer and Proposed Interventions for Change. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 65(3), 221-238.
Study Identifies Factors Associated with Escalating Marijuana Use in Adolescents  
Marijuana use is increasing among adolescents in the United States, making an understanding of the “developmental progression of adolescent marijuana use . . . [and] risk factors” important, argue CHAS Fellow, Donald Hedeker (Department of Public Health Sciences) and colleagues in a recent study.  Particularly important to early intervention is understanding why some adolescents follow a course of escalating use, while others do not.  In their study, Hedeker and colleagues draw from a sample of 1,204 adolescents, followed over 6 years, to model trajectories of use and psychosocial predictors of escalation over time.  In addition to identifying four trajectories of use, they find that adolescents who escalate their use over time have higher levels of cigarette smoking, novelty-seeking, aggressive and anti-social behavior, and support from peers with problem-behaviors than non-escalators, but do not differ with respect to depression or parental control.  For more, see: Passarotti, A.M., Crane, N.A., Hedeker, D., & Mermelstein, R.J. (2015). Longitudinal Trajectories of Marijuana Use From Adolescence to Young Adulthood. Addictive Behaviors, 45, 301-308
ANNOUNCEMENTS
CHAS Pre-Doctoral Awards Funded for
Second Year
The Center for Health Administration Studies has extended award funding through the 2016-2017 academic year for the CHAS Pre-Doctoral Award recipients, who were named in the 2015-2016 school year.  Congratulations to the following SSA students:

Cliff Bersamira
Yu-An Lin
Keunhye Park
Tonie Sadler
Bikki Smith

We look forward to continued successful outcomes from their projects.
Archived eNews
If you are new to our mailing list, or have not had a chance to read previous editions of the CHAS eNews, past editions can be viewed on our website HERE or by copying/pasting the following address: http://chas.uchicago.edu/page/enews
UPCOMING EVENTS

Michael Davis
Lecture Series:


Will resume Fall 2016 and Spring 2017
Location: SSA
Time: Tuesdays, 12:00pm


Big Data in Health Workshop:
Gleacher Center
Chicago, IL
August 4, 2016


Convening 2016:  State of Our Knowledge and Training
:
Gleacher Center
Chicago, IL
November 2016 (TBA)

 
CONFERENCE REMINDERS


Addiction Health Services Research (AHSR 2016)
Seattle, WA
October 13-15, 2016
 
American Public Health Association
Denver, CO
October 29 - Nov. 2, 2016
AND
Atlanta, GA
November 4-8, 2017


Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action
Washington, DC
November 17-19, 2016


Society for Social Work and Research
Washington, DC
January 13-17, 2016 
AND
New Orleans, LA
January 11-15, 2017

Academy Health Annual Research Meeting
New Orleans, LA
June 25-27, 2017
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