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What's Happened and What's Happening
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Contents of Newsletter

  • Report of July Meeting
  • Program for August and September meetings
  • Results of July Mini Show
  • Upcoming Events
  • 2018 Meeting Information

Ed.Maxim Wilson maxim.wilson@internode.on.net

June Meeting Notes

At 7.30pm, Pam Butler opened the Meeting and welcomed two guests.

Spring Show will be held at the new venue of the Belmont Rifle Range Complex. This site is close to the Gateway Arterial and should provide easy access for everyone.
Plenty of parking will be available.

Guest Speaker, George Stamatis has taught high school Science and Maths for the past 11 years at North Lakes. He also runs a bromeliad nursery in Elimbah.
He has B.Sc. in Botany and a diploma in Horticulture.
George grew up in South Africa, and his interest in horticulture started around age 9.
 George purchased his first bromeliads from Nigel Thomson who also lived in South Africa at the time.
George was inspired by many successful hybridisers such as John Arden, Pamela Hyatt and Paul Isley of California, and David Shiigi and David Fell of Hawaii. 
He produces new bromeliad varieties mainly in the genera Vriesea, Tillandsia, Dyckia and intergenerics in the Tillandsioideae subfamily.
His topic was Intergeneric Hybrid Bromeliads, which are those plants resulting from a cross between two or more different genera.

definitions:
bigeneric plants are produced by crossing plants from two different genera. Up till now, this hybridising has been limited to two genera. This term has been replace by the term ‘intergeneric’ because there are now at least two hybrids made from three different genera. These will be described later.
Traditional hybridising is done between species of the same genus
Until a couple of years ago, there were just three Bromeliad subfamilies but now there are a total of eight.
The traditional three were 
1.Tillandsioideae
2.Bromelioideae and
3.Pitcairnioideae, and this has been split into six.
Most intergeneric hybridising has used genera in Tillandsioideae, this is the area of George's chief interest.
The intergeneric plants in the subfamily Tillandsioideae include
xGuzvriesea GV (Guzmania x Vriesea)
xVriecantarea VC (Vriesea x Alcantarea)
xVrieslandsia VL (Vriesea x Tillandsia)
xRacindsia RD (Racinaea x Tillandsia).

John Arden (1926-2015) of California was the most accomplished pioneer of these intergenerics. A good bio is found here:
https://sfvbromeliad.homestead.com/09_Sept__2015_SFVBS_Newsletter.pdf
Others in the field are Herb Hill, Florida and
Chester Skotak in Costa Rica.

xGuzvrieseas : many were produced by Herb Hill but no new ones for some years.
xVriecantareas were made by John Arden using chiefly Alcantarea glazouiana, Alcantarea regineae, Alcantarea ssp.after vinicolor.

Those in production include:
xVC ‘Inferno’, 
xVC ‘Tired Wings’ 
xVC ‘Dimitra’
xVC. ‘Golden Key’
xVC ‘Red Giant’
xVC ‘Yellow Giant’
xVC ‘Raging Fire’, appears to be the best! 
xVC ‘Pink Giant’ 
xVC ‘Bursting Wings’.

xVriecantarea 'Inferno' cv. of Vriesea ensiformis X Alcantarea regina.
xVriecantarea ‘Dimitra’
Seed Parent: Vriesea gradata x sucrei Pollen Parent: Alcantarea sp.aff. vincolor
This was created by George and registered 1994.
xVriecantarea 'Raging Fire', a cross of
?Vriesea x Alcan regina, by John Arden.

new xVriecantareas VC
George showed photos of his plants in production, most not yet named, let alone registered.
More interesting foliage is coming due to use of newer Alcantarea species. There are no variegates yet.
George’s goal is to make a plant with branches all the way down the inflorescence to the rosette.

xVrieslandsias VL 
These do better in cooler weather because they come from green leaf Tillandsias from the cloud forrest. They do well in Brisbane, not in Cairns.
xVL ‘Spiralling Flame’ has a notable twist in the spike, and the outer foliage gets a red splash in winter.
xVL ‘Blazing Tropics’
xVL ‘Ervin’ is a ‘knockout’ plant by John Arden.
xVL ‘White Lino’ x T. lampropoda (by John Arden)
xVL ‘Harmony Too’ does better in Cairns.
xVL ‘Cascading Charm’ by John Arden.
xVL ‘ Heavenly Wings’ by John Arden, is difficult to grow in Brisbane.
xVL ‘Ballerina’
xVL ‘ Arden Fireworks’ has a pendulous infloresence.
xVL ‘Marichelle’ is hard to grow here, prefers the cool of NZ.
xVL ‘Imperial Charm’ by John Arden.
xVL ‘Naomi’ by Deroose.
Vriesea ‘Barbara’ x T.mooriana.

xVrieslandsia 'Blazing Tropics' by John Arden.
 Parent: Vriesea ('Riviera Flirt' x 'Maroon Delight') Pollen Parent: Tillandsia multicaulis.
xVrieslandsia 'Ervin'
Seed Parent: Vriesea unknown Pollen Parent: Tillandsia multicaulis

xVriesgoudaeas VG are ‘the  new kids on the block’, there are 5 on the BCR.
These are crosses across the two subfamilies Tillandsioideae (Vriesea) and Bromelioideae (Goudaea).
Innovators include Chester Skotak, J. Lambert and J. Mitchell from NZ, and Kent Jacobssen from NSW.
xVG ‘Scarlet Fountain’
xVG ‘Supernatural’ from Skotak. Mal Cameron has it, a cross between Vr ‘Barbara’ and Goudaea ospinae (formerly a Vriesea, Chester Skotak 1994).

xZiskagoudaea are crosses between two of the newer genera xZizkaea and Goudaea, only 2 on BCR.
xZG ‘Babylon’.

xVriesgoudaea 'Supernatural" from C. Skotak, E. Beach.
Seed Parent: Vriesea 'Barbara' Pollen Parent: Goudaea ospinae var. gruberi

The Spiny Intergenerics, ie., those in the Bromelioideae subfamily.
These are more robust, show greater variety, and like the warm subtropics like Brisbane.
Hybridisers can select for variety of foliage, inflorescence or both.
xHohenmea HM are crosses between Hohenbergias and Aechmeas.
Ross Draper of Koah, near Mareeba, has pioneered this work, esp. the Ninja series, of which there are 9.

These are very tough, and depend on rain water, are intolerant of town water.
xHM ’Ninja Ghost’
xHM ’Ninja Warrior’ 
xHM ’Dennis Delight’ from Dennis Heckart of Hawaii.
xHM ’Psycho’
xHM ‘Black Lava’ from Dennis Heckart of Hawaii on BCR 
xHM ‘Snow White’ from Pattaya Gardens, Thailand.

xNeomeas (113) are crosses between Neoregelias and Aechmeas and have been around for years.
Kent Jacobsson has created some of these.
xNeomea ‘Strawberry’ is in member’s collections, is a cross of Neo carolinae x Aechmea recurvata var. benrathii.

xHohenmea ‘Ninja Warrior’ Draper R / Giddins M *
 
Seed Parent: Aechmea 'Samurai' Pollen Parent: Hohenbergia leopoldo-horstii

xNidumeas NM cross Nidularium and Aechmeas.
xNidumea ‘Bright Star’ (see below) comes from Kent Jacobssen, in California. 
xNidumea ‘Midnight’ from Nat De Leon, of Florida comes in two superior clones in collections in SEQ.(see below)

xSincoregelia SR are crosses (24) of Sincoraea (new name for many Orthophytum) and Neoregelia.
These popular plants were known as xNeophytums before DNA studies lead to a name change.
(strangely the BCR has them listed under the old name xNeophytum!)
xSR ‘Ralph Davis’ by Nat DeLeon 1973.
xSR ‘Galactic Warrior’ 
xSR ‘Andromeda’ from Vinzant
xSR ‘Supernova’ from Vinzant
xSR ‘Burgundy Thrill’ 
xSR ‘Gary Hendrix’ from Nat DeLeon 1983.

xOrtholarium OL crosses 
xOL ‘Selby’
It’s purple foliage has a rich red wine colour.

xPortemeas PM cross Porteas and Aechmeas (12).
xPM ‘Phat Pat’ from Skotak 1994. The seed parent has been reclassified as an Aechmea, so this becomes an Aechmea hybrid (and not an intergeneric).

xNidumea 'Midnight' by Nat DeLeon, 
Nidularium innocentii x Aechmea fasciata.
Note xNeophytum is now xSincoregelia.

Intrafamilial intergenerics - there are only two in the subfamily of Pitcairnioideae (see below)
xEnchotia ‘Ruby’ between Encholirium horrida and Hecktia rosea and
xBillya ‘Alpha’ (see below) between Billbergia ‘Hallelujah’ and Puya mirabilis.

 
xEnchotia ‘Ruby
Seed Parent: Encholirium horridum  Pollen ParentHechtia rosea
xBillya 'Alpha'.
Seed parent: Billbergia 'Hallelujah'
Pollen Parent: Puya mirabilis.


 

There are two or more trigenerics:
Vriesea x Lutheria x Tillandsia 
Goudaea x (Vriesea x Lutheria) in N.Z.

xHohenquesmea ‘Valley Hoodoo’ crosses Hohenbergia x Quesnelia x Aechmea.

xHohenquesmea 'Valley Hoodoo'
by Aaron Smythe.
Seed Parent: x Quesmea 'Nifty Nev';  Pollen Parent: Hohenbergia rosea
xQuesmea ‘Nifty Nev’,
Catlan J
 
Seed Parent: Aechmea disjuncta Pollen Parent: Quesnelia edmundoi var. edmundoi.
Many thanks George for
a comprehensive survey of Intergeneric Bromeliads.

Practical Class was delivered by Bruce Dunstan
who gives his approach to Fertilising Bromeliads.

Coming from a commercial horticulture background, I try to get my plants to maturity as quickly as possible with the biggest inflorescences and the largest number of pups as I can by fertilising as much as I can.

Fertiliser is cheap, only making up 2-3% of a plants cost of production, so there is no reason to skimp on fertiliser. I recommend the most expensive fertilisers on the market because you are going to get what you pay for. In controlled release fertilisers CRF, you are going to get a product that will last better than the cheaper options. You will still only get the CRF to last about 2/3 of what they claim, but you must remember these products are designed for European conditions not subtropical QLD and when it gets above 23ºC they will release faster than what they claim. Bear this in mind when selecting a product. In commercial horticulture the labour costs to refertilise a crop can be huge, so choose a product that will last the length of the crops production time. In hobbyists collections this is less of a problem.

As well as CRF, I also recommend liquid fertilisers to improve growth by applying them on a weekly to fortnightly basis depending on weather conditions. I use an old weed and feed applicator and it is worth calibrating this applicator so you know how much fertiliser to use. The best way to do this is to fill it full of water and record how long it takes to empty the container when you turn your hose on.
  The next measurement required is what your flow rate is. I time how long it takes to fill a 20L. bucket. By working out how long by how much, you can work out how much fertiliser is required in solution in the weed and feed. Personally I use a rate 3-5 times stronger than what the manufacturers recommend. I have over time by trial and error discovered that I can burn delicate plants if I apply the  higher rates in extremely hot temperatures, but I recommend people do their own trials and work out what works best for them. I would also say that I also irrigate more heavily than most other growers so this may also explain why I don’t suffer more damage from the higher rates of fertiliser I use.
Bruce Dunstan.

Christmas Party is on thursday 6.12.18 at
Easts Leagues Club,
40 Main Avenue Coorparoo.

There will be a buffet dinner, $40 per head, and you can pay for it now.
It will feature the usual monster raffle.

Mini Show Competition Results

Novice 
Class 1:
1st Billbergia ‘Confetti’. by Alfonso Trudu.
2nd Billbergia ‘Groovy’ by Alfonso Trudu.
3rd Billbergia ‘Louise’.  by. Gilda Trudu.

Class 2
1st Alcantarea regina by Alfonso Trudu.
2nd Catopsis floribunda by Gilda Trudu.
3rd Alcantarea heloisae by Alfonso Trudu.

Class 3
1st Neoregelia ‘Scorpio’ from Gilda Trudu.
2nd Neoregelia ‘Pheasant’ by Alfonso Trudu.
3rd Neoregelia ‘Wild in Oz’  by Gilda Trudu.

Class 4
1st Tillandsia neglecta by Alfonso Trudu.
2nd Tillandsia bulbosa by Alfonso Trudu.
3rd Tillandsia stricta by Alfonso Trudu.

Intermediate 
Class 1
1st Billbergia ‘Groovy’ by Livia Diodge.
2nd Billbergia ‘Hallelujah x alfonsi-joannis by Greg Aizlewood.
3rd Billbergia ‘Evita’ by Graham Stay.

Class 3
1st Neoregelia ‘Hot Embers’ by Livia Doidge.
2nd Neoregelia ‘’Gympie Delight’ by Livia Doidge.
3rd Neoregelia ‘Hot Embers’ by Jenny Ittensohn.

Class 4 
1st Tillandsia straminea by Jenny Ittensohn.
2nd Tillandsia gardneri by ?
3rd Tillandsia stricta by Livia Doidge.

Advanced
Class 1
1st Billbergia ‘Hallelujah’ by Barbara McCune.
2nd Billbergia 'Groovy' by Barbara McCune.
3rd Billbergia 'Supa Dupa Grace' by Barbara McCune.

Class 2 
1st Racinaea multiflora by Ron Jell.
2nd Racinaea pendulispica by Ron Jell.

Class 3 
1st. Neoregelia ‘Hot Embers’ from Barbara McCune.
2nd Neoregelia ‘Wild Rabbit’ by Barbara McCune.
3rd Neoregelia 'Zoe' by Barbara McCune.

Class 4 
1st Tillandsia neglecta from Bruce Dunstan.
2nd Tillandsia streptophylla x ehlersiana by Ron Jell.
3rd Tillandsia intermedia x caput-medusae Ron Jell.

Billbergia 'Hallelujah' by Barbara McCune.
Tillandsia neglecta by Bruce Dunstan. This beautiful clump is 15 years old and is the darker leaf clone.
Neoregelia 'Hot Embers' by Barbara McCune.
Neoregelia 'Wild Rabbit' by Barbara McCune.
Billbergia 'Groovy' by Livia Doidge.
Billbergia 'Evita' by Graeme Stay.
Tillandsia gardneri.
Neoregelia 'Pheasant' by Alfonso Trudu.
Portea nana is a plant species in the genus Portea.
The bromeliad is endemic to the Atlantic Forest biome
(Mata Atlantica Brasileira) and to Bahia state.
This was shown by Narelle Aizlewood for our general interest.
Portea nana from Narelle Aizlewood.
Portea nana early bloom.
In the September and October Meetings, every member will receive a $20 voucher for purchase of plants at our Spring Show.
These will not be transferrable.

Spring Show will be held at
The Belmont Shooting Complex
1482 Old 
Cleveland Road, Belmont.
3-4 November, 2018.


GoldenBroms - The Australasian Bromeliad Conference will be held at the Gold Coast 17-20 October, 2019.
http://goldenbroms.com

2018 Meeting Information

Meeting Show Schedule

January - MINI SHOW

Class 1 – Aechmea species and hybrids
Class 2 – Vriesea species and hybrids
Class 3 – Dyckia species and hybrids
Class 4 - any other flowering bromeliad species and hybrids

February - POPULAR VOTE

 – any genus species and hybrids + novelty bromeliad display

March - POPULAR VOTE

– any genus species and hybrids + novelty bromeliad display

April - MINI SHOW

Class 1 – Bromelioideae not listed elsewhere in Schedule, species & Hybrids
(Acanthostachys, Ananas, Androlepis, Araeococcus, Bromelia, Canistropsis, Canistrum,
Edmundoa, Fascicularia, Hohenbergia, Hohenbergiopsis, Neoglaziovia, Nidularium,
Ochagavia, Orthophytum, Portea, Quesnelia, Ursulaea, Wittrockia)
Class 2 – Guzmania species and hybrids
Class 3 – Pitcairnia species and hybrids
Class 4 – any other flowering bromeliad species and hybrids

May - POPULAR VOTE

– any genus species and hybrids + novelty bromeliad display

June - POPULAR VOTE

– any genus species and hybrids + novelty bromeliad display

July - MINI SHOW

Class 1 – Billbergia
Class 2 – Tillandsioideae not listed elsewhere in Schedule, species & hybrids
(Alcantarea, Catopsis, Mezobromelia, Racinaea, Werauhia)
Class 3 – Neoregelia up to 200mm diameter when mature, species & hybrids
Class 4 – any other flowering bromeliad species and hybrids

August - POPULAR VOTE

– any genus species and hybrids + novelty bromeliad display

September - POPULAR VOTE

– any genus species and hybrids + novelty bromeliad display

October - MINI SHOW

Class 1 – Neoregelia over 200mm diameter when mature, species & hybrids
Class 2 – Tillandsia species & hybrids
Class 3 – Pitcairnioideae not listed elsewhere in Schedule, species & hybrids
(Brocchinioideae, Lindmanioideae, Hechtioideae (= Hechtia), Puyoideae (= Puya), Navioideae, Pitcairnioideae (= Deuterocohnia, Encholirium, Fosterella)
Class 4 – any other flowering bromeliad species & hybrids

November - POPULAR VOTE

– any genus species and hybrids + novelty bromeliad display

 
 Plant of the Month Schedule
Month Plant
January Aechmea
February Tillandsia
March Cryptanthus
April Dyckia/Orthophytum/Puya
May Alcantarea
June Vriesea
July Intergenerics
August Rare Genus
September Billbergia
October Guzmania
November Neoregelia/Nidularium
December Hollioides (S. Claus to present)


Meeting Dates 2018

Month Date
January 18th
February 15th – AGM
March 15th
April 19th
May 17th
June 21st
July 19th
August 16th
September 20th
October 18th
November 15th
December 6th – Christmas Party 

This Month
August Meeting
Popular Vote
See the schedule below.
Information Session
Tom Isaacs on Mounting Tillandsias.
Plant of the Month
Spring Flowering Tillandsias by Bruce Dunstan.
Guest Speaker
Bruce Dunstan on Guzmanias.
Plant Commentary
Barbara Murray.
Next Month 
September Meeting
Popular Vote

See the schedule below.
Information Session
Greg
 Aizlewood on Pests and Diseases. 
Plant of the Month
Rare Genera
Guest Speaker:
Q and A.
Plant Commentary
Copyright © 2018 The Bromeliad Society of Queensland Inc, All rights reserved.


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