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Discover the network of sites, wich have shaped the history of europe. EUROPEAN HERITAGE LABEL
Heart of Ancient Athens Archaeological Park Carnuntum Abbey of Cluny Archives of the Crown of Aragon
Great Guild Hall General Library of the University of Coimbra Union of Lublin Sites of the Peace of Westphalia (1648)
The 3 May 1791 Constitution Hambach Castle Charter of Law of Abolition of the Death Penalty (1867) Residencia de Estudiantes
Peace Palace Kaunas of 1919-1940 Franja Partisan Hospital Camp Westerbork
Museo Casa De Gasperi Robert Schuman's House Historic Gdansk shipyard Pan-European Picnic Memorial Park
 
Tibor Navracsics, Commissioner for Education, Culture, Youth and Sport
The European Heritage Label recognises sites which have played a significant role in the history, culture and development of the European Union. And it highlights their European dimension through information and educational activities. A few weeks ago, sixteen sites chosen in 2014 received the European Heritage Label. They follow a first set of four sites awarded in 2013.

I warmly invite you to discover these sites and see how some of them showcase our road to unity or our struggle for peace; while others symbolise our quest for knowledge or were at the forefront of creating our historical legacies. All of them are milestones on our shared path to freedom and democracy.

I congratulate the sites which have received this Label and encourage them to make the most of it. I am confident that the European Heritage Label - with the extra visibility it confers - will help them play their educational role as well as foster cultural tourism, bringing direct and indirect economic benefits not only to the communities where they are located but to Europe as a whole.

Tibor Navracsics,

Commissioner for Education, Culture, Youth and Sport

 
 
Europe starts here!
 
 
From the Cradle of Democracy to the Renaissance
 
 
Heart of Ancient Athens
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Heart of Ancient Athens

Athens – Greece


The heart of ancient Athens comprises a historical landscape where events which helped shape some of the most fundamental aspects of European identity took place, from the development of classical art and theatre, to democracy, philosophy, logic, equal rights and sciences.

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Archaeological Park Carnuntum
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Archaeological Park Carnuntum

Petronell-Carnuntum – Austria


The Archaeological Park Carnuntum was an important Roman settlement founded in the middle of the 1st century AD at a crossing point of trade routes on the Danube. The 400 years of Roman life in Carnuntum reflect a period of history that deeply influenced and shaped Europe’s development.

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Abbey of Cluny
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Abbey of Cluny

Cluny – France


The Abbey of Cluny (AD 910) was once at the heart of one of the largest monastic networks in European history, facilitating the circulation of people, books, artistic ideas and scientific knowledge across national borders.

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Archives of the Crown of Aragon
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Archives of the Crown of Aragon

Barcelona – Spain


The Archives of the Crown of Aragon represent one of the oldest archival institutions in Europe and comprise some of the most valuable collections of documents from Medieval Europe.

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Great Guild Hall
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Great Guild Hall

Tallinn – Estonia


The Great Guild Hall was commissioned by the Great Guild, an association of German Hanseatic merchants. One of the most important medieval trading organisations, the Great Guild played an important role in trade and cultural exchange in northern Europe.

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From the Age of Discovery to the Age of Enlightenment
 
 
General Library of the University of Coimbra
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General Library of the University of Coimbra

Coimbra – Portugal


The General Library of the University of Coimbra has promoted and defended common access to knowledge and information throughout its history.

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Union of Lublin
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Union of Lublin

Lublin – Poland


The Union of Lublin, established in 1569 between the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, was an exceptional case of the democratic integration of two countries, which led to the peaceful and inclusive coexistence of people of different ethnic and religious backgrounds.

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Sites of the Peace of Westphalia (1648)
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Sites of the Peace of Westphalia (1648)

Münster and Osnabrück – Germany


Münster and Osnabrück, the sites of the Peace of Westphalia (1648) reflect a key event in European history, as peace was achieved through diplomatic negotiations, not through force. These peace treaties are still relevant and form the pillar of international relations today.

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The 3 May 1791 Constitution
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The 3 May 1791 Constitution

Warsaw – Poland


The 3 May 1791 Constitution reflects ideas of the Enlightenment era, which gave primacy to reason, law and freedom. It was the first constitution democratically adopted in Europe and is a symbol of the democratic and peaceful transformation of a political system.

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Hambach Castle
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Hambach Castle

Neustadt an der Weinstraße – Germany


Hambach Castle – and the Hambach Festival which brought together 30 000 people from Germany, France and Poland in 1832 – is a symbol of the struggle for civil liberties, and a gathering place for those committed to equality, tolerance and democracy in Germany and Europe.

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Charter of Law of Abolition of the Death Penalty (1867)
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Charter of Law of Abolition of the Death Penalty (1867)

Lisboa – Portugal


The Charter of Law of Abolition of the Death Penalty (1867) in Portugal is one of the first examples of the abolition of the death penalty in a national legal system in Europe. It promotes values that are today part of the Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

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From Modernism to Anti-Fascism
 
 
Residencia de Estudiantes
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Residencia de Estudiantes

Madrid – Spain


The Residencia de Estudiantes is an institution renowned throughout Europe that encourages exchange, dialogue and understanding among different generations and cultures in disciplines such as the arts, humanities and sciences.

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Peace Palace
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Peace Palace

The Hague – The Netherlands


The Peace Palace hosted international peace conferences in the early 20th century from 1913 onwards, which aimed at regulating the arms race and settling international disputes through arbitration. The Peace Palace embodies the values of peace and justice and is today the seat of the International Court of Justice, the Permanent Court of Arbitration and the Academy of International Law in The Hague.

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Kaunas of 1919-1940
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Kaunas of 1919-1940

Kaunas – Lithuania


Kaunas of 1919-1940 has an urban landscape exuberantly reflecting Europe’s interwar architecture and the modernism movement. It represents today the outstanding heritage of a flourishing golden period when the city of Kaunas was temporarily the capital of Lithuania.

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Franja Partisan Hospital
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Franja Partisan Hospital

Cerkno – Slovenia


The Franja Partisan Hospital is an outstanding symbol of human fortitude and medical care, and of the solidarity and companionship in hardship – between the local population, hospital staff and wounded soldiers of different nationalities including enemy combatants – that existed during the Second World War.

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Camp Westerbork
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Camp Westerbork

Hooghalen – The Netherlands


Camp Westerbork was a refugee camp for Dutch Jews, Roma and Sinti persecuted by the Nazis. After 1942, it became a transit camp from which victims were deported to Nazi concentration and extermination camps in Germany and in occupied territories of Central and Eastern Europe. It has links to crucial issues in European history, such as occupation, persecution, migration, and decolonisation. A museum and monuments of remembrance can today be found on the site of the former camp.

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Post-war Europe
 
 
Museo Casa De Gasperi
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Museo Casa De Gasperi

Trento – Italy


Museo Casa De Gasperi is the birthplace of Italian statesman Alcide De Gasperi who is recognised today as one of the Founding Fathers of the European Union. It embodies the spirit and values that De Gasperi brought to the construction of Europe after the Second World War.

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Robert Schuman's House
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Robert Schuman's House

Scy-Chazelles – France


Robert Schuman's House is the place where Schuman wrote the first draft of his Declaration known as the ‘Declaration of 9 May 1950’. The document paved the way towards post-war European integration. Schuman is recognised today as one of the Founding Fathers of the European Union.

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Historic Gdańsk shipyard
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Historic Gdańsk shipyard

Gdańsk – Poland


The historic Gdańsk shipyard was the birthplace of 'Solidarity’, a social movement and trade union that united citizens in peaceful fight for freedom and human rights. This place is crucial to the origins of democratic transformations in Europe.

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Pan-European Picnic Memorial Park
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Pan-European Picnic Memorial Park

Sopron – Hungary


The Pan-European Picnic Memorial Park commemorates the picnic of 19th August 1989, during which East German citizens broke through the border to the West. This form of picnic was instrumental in causing the collapse of Berlin Wall and the Iron Curtain that had divided Europe.

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If you want more information on the
European Heritage Label, please visit our website

If you have a question, please use our contact form.

An initiative of the European Commission,
Directorate General for Education and Culture


 
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