18The sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem, Ham and Japheth. (Ham was the father of Canaan.) 19These were the three sons of Noah, and from them came the people who were scattered over the whole earth.
20Noah, a man of the soil, proceededa to plant a vineyard. 21When he drank some of its wine, he became drunk and lay uncovered inside his tent. 22Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father naked and told his two brothers outside. 23But Shem and Japheth took a garment and laid it across their shoulders; then they walked in backward and covered their father’s naked body. Their faces were turned the other way so that they would not see their father naked.
24When Noah awoke from his wine and found out what his youngest son had done to him, 25he said,
“Cursed be Canaan!
The lowest of slaves
will he be to his brothers.”
This is some very important information regarding genealogy. We will see the lines of Ham, Shem and Japheth and the differences of personalities making very different cultural people (all people come from these three men). Do you think you belong to your family? You are likely a lot like some of your lineage and your culture as a whole.
Here we see Noah become drunk, and so drunk that he passes out in his tent butt naked. There is an unpleasant, sinful implication here regarding Ham the father of Canaan. He clearly saw his father naked. It is implied that something may have happened in the sense that Ham mistreated his father in his drunken state (one side theologians ascribe to). Whether Ham just looked at his father with sinful eyes (other side theologians ascribe to) or he did something worst, it's clear in Scripture that Ham sinned against God in this moment. Shem and Japheth take a garment into cover their father while turned the other way not to see his naked body.
When Noah woke, he found out what his son Ham had done. This is an implication that something unpleasant was done to Noah while he was passed out, whether it was mocking his naked body or something worst, Scripture does not say exactly. But we do know that this sin was bad enough to curse the entire line of Canaan (Ham's son's lineage). We are unsure why God chose one of Ham's son's to curse, but his sons were Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan. (Gen 10:6) Scripture doesn't say but it's possible that Noah had also seen Ham's sinful weakness in his grandson Canaan. Again, we are unsure according to Scripture.
Going forward, keep in mind the curse of the Canaanites. This passage will be very important as we see this genealogy unfold. The Canaanites will be cursed being the lowest of slaves to the brothers lineage. Remember this is due to sin. This is the beginnings of understanding generational sin. And we will see later in Scripture the immorality of the Canaanites.
Keep in mind that God looks at the heart while man looks at the outward appearance.
This Scripture makes me think about my own life and my own sin and the effect that it will have on my children. It is likely that my weaknesses will also be my children's weaknesses. However, the difference for us as New Testament followers of Jesus is that our sins are covered by the blood of Jesus as we continue to have faith in His sacrifice for our sins (ALL YOUR SINS). My prayer daily is for God to cover my parenting with His grace. Remember what pleases God.
F A I T H
Continue to trust God and seek His will in all you do, and peace that surpasses all understanding will be with you.
As we continue to walk through Scripture and we understand our history and creation, keep these things in mind.
Faith, repentance, and obedience
Trust God and obey His word. When you mess up, come boldly to the throne of grace. And He is faithful to forgive. Ham likely did not have a repentant heart, and it was likely not the only incident as Noah cursed the line of his one particular son.
Hebrews 4:16 Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.
Next week: Continuing chapter 9 we will look at Japheth and Shem