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Thank you landowners for doing your part to keep our forests healthy!
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Inside this Issue


Message from the Manager

Selecting the Prescription for Forest Health 

Monitoring Your Regenerating Forest

Agroforestry Helps Pollinators Help You

Landowners in the Spotlight 

Marketing Tip!

Talk like a Forester! A Sampling of Forestry Terminology
Contact Your Local District Forester
Forest Ag Resources

Marketing Tip!


In this world of computer screens, tablets, and smart phones, how is your online presence? Having a well-organized and great looking website is the first step to reaching a very large and diverse online audience. There are free resources available to build your own website with relative ease. A good website will contain lots of photos. You may even want to add a personal touch by including a personal story. Be sure to avoid webpages with lots of words or complex navigation as this will deter customers from staying on your website or visiting a second time.

Talk Like a Forester! A Sampling of Forestry Terminology 

For more terminology, visit SAF's Dictionary of Forestry

Composition: The proportion of each tree species in a stand expressed as a percentage of the total number, basal area or volume of all tree species in the stand.

Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS): An individual-tree, distance-independent, growth and yield model. The simulator is calibrated for regions; Colorado is within the Central Rockies variant. FVS can simulate a wide range of treatments for most tree species, as well as show a visual representation of each treatment.

Saplings: Young trees that have a measurable diameter (1-4.9”) at 4.5 feet in height. (Courtesy of Forest Inventory Analysis program) 
Seedlings: Young trees that do not have a measureable diameter (<1”) at 4.5 feet in height. (Courtesy of Forest Inventory Analysis program) 
Monitoring: The collection of information over time to determine the long-term effects of resource management treatments.

Regeneration: Renewal of tree cover by the establishment of young trees, seedlings or saplings, either naturally or artificially.

Sampling design: The method used to inventory only a sample, or subset, of a population. Rather than measuring every tree in a forest stand, a sampling design is selected to reduce bias while representing the forest stand. Systematic, simple random, and stratified random are common sampling designs. The intensity of the sampling design for an inventory or monitoring depends on stand variations, inventory purpose, species value(s), time, cost, and stand size. (Courtesy of McGraw-Hill)

Photos courtesy of Ron Cousineau - Granby District Forester 

Message from The Manager 

After closing up 2015, we open up our eyes to 2016 with a refreshed vision of what the year will bring. We can watch the snow that fell across the forest over the holidays change daily. Maybe there is more snow. Maybe there is less snow. And maybe when the sun illuminates the snow just right, the altered perspective will help us see our forest anew. How does this new perspective of your forest invigorate you to put your forest management plans into action? Take a walk through your forest in solitude, walk with your family, and walk with your forester. Consider what can bring you, your family, and your forest a happy and healthy new year.

Selecting the Prescription for Forest Health

Your prescription for your forest’s health may be unique to your property, yet can impact the surrounding forest. Turn to your management plan and other appropriate professional resources to identify which prescription meets your forest’s needs.

A prescription is a planned series of treatments designed to change current stand structure, which can help create a healthy and resilient forest. Your land management goals and objectives, further substantiated by the inventoried forest resources, inform which prescriptions are available for consideration. Important questions to ask yourself include:

  • Do you want to restore your forest to its historic forest stand structure
  • How important is it to you to lower the susceptibility to catastrophic wildfire?
  • Do you want to enhance wildlife habitat?
  • Do you want to provide a consistent and sustainable supply of forest products?
Evaluating your ecological, economic and societal constraints in conjunction with questions like these will help direct you to the most viable prescriptions for your forest. There are also modeling and simulation tools, such as the Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS), available to further inform which are the most appropriate prescription alternative(s).
Pre-Treatment: 271 live trees per acres (Boulder County Parks and Open Space)
Post-Treatment: 123 live trees per acre (Boulder County Parks and Open Space)
FVS and other modeling tools allow us to see the changing forest beyond just numbers. Simulating pre- and post-treatment scenarios can provide a visual representation of your forest’s change within a controlled environment. Your local CSFS district foresters and other forestry professionals can assist with your navigation of prescription options through simulations and models. Perhaps tapping into a variety of simulation tools will help you best visualize the prescriptions you select.
Here is a sample of available forest inventory and simulation model software:

Monitoring Your Regenerating Forest

Witness your forest as it grows and changes, especially after completing a forest treatment.

Through regeneration monitoring you can learn about the overall health and vigor of your forest’s understory, including trees, grasses and other plants. Some trees are well-adapted to live under the shade of larger trees (e.g. spruce and fir), while others prefer openings for sunlight and nutrients (e.g. aspen and pines). Local site conditions also affect how well seeds can germinate and set the stage for the next forest.

Regeneration monitoring does not necessarily need to be an in-depth assessment of your forest’s understory. The measurements can be quick and simple. It can be as easy as taking photographs of regeneration or simply counting seedlings or saplings. Photo points are most effective when collected at the same locations during the same time of year. Tallying the quantity, size and species of trees can provide a basis to evaluate the impacts of forestry activities on your land.

Once the initial information is collected, routine and intermittent monitoring will illustrate how resilient your forest is. In the interest of resource efficiencies, your local CSFS district forester or other professional forester is available to recommend the most appropriate frequency, time of year and sampling design.  Just as with photo points, location can be a factor affecting the quality of information collected during your regeneration monitoring.

While it is not mandatory protocol, tracking how your forest responds especially following an extensive forest treatment is encouraged. Work with your local forester to develop an appropriate regeneration monitoring sampling design for your specific forest type. The CSFS Granby District recommends the following model to be adopted when monitoring regeneration after harvesting lodgepole pine with an overstory removal or clearcut prescription.


Photo courtesy of CSFS

Regeneration Monitoring Standards (CSFS Granby District Model):

  • Set up an appropriate quantity of 1/100th-acre, fixed-area plots, which have an 11.8-foot radius.
  • Count all seedlings.
  • Count all saplings.
  • Analyze data with Forest Vegetation Simulator or another simulation model.
  • Record any insect and disease signs, symptoms or activity you observe during your survey.
  • Minimum plots for stand = 3
  • Set up more plots for larger stands to collect adequate data. The more data gathered, the more accurate the monitoring.
  • Use random sampling to mitigate bias.


As a result of your routine monitoring efforts, you will not only see the difference, but you will know more about the extent of how much your forest has changed.

Agroforestry Helps Pollinators Help You


Photo courtesy Jeanna Childers Leurck, USDA Forest Service, Forest Stewardship Program Manager
 
Farms in the U.S. today are larger and have less nearby habitat to support bees than in the past. Yet the need for pollinators in agricultural landscapes has never been greater.
Globally, the acreage of insect-pollinated crops has more than doubled in the past 50 years. At the same time, commercial beekeepers in the U.S. are losing an unsustainable. percentage of their hives of honeybees each year because of a combination of habitat loss, diseases and pests, and pesticide exposure. Native bee abundance and diversity is challenged as well. Almost 25 percent of bumblebees are facing dramatic population declines. Ongoing research demonstrates that these native bees play a vital role in crop pollination, and their numbers can be increased through agroforestry and other additions to our agricultural landscapes. Read More
Landowners in the Spotlight 
Peter Prina
Peter Prina of Archuleta County understands the meaning of sweat equity when it comes to sustainably managing his forestland and tree farming in Colorado. In addition to producing quality sawlogs, you will likely find him pruning trees with a pole saw, planting and caring for seedlings, cutting firewood or fence stays, treating noxious weeds, and spreading the word of good forestry. Prina’s successes are rooted in his land ethic and desire to care for the land, which is exemplified by the forestry practices implemented on both his Forest Ag property as well as on his additional forestland with the primary land-use of grazing livestock and producing beef. Hard work and technical assistance provided by local forestry and natural resource professionals are integral to protecting Prina’s investment. He also continually learns with his peers through the local Colorado Tree Farm Chapter’s workshops. As a result of Prina’s efforts to help create a healthy forest condition for the future, he was recognized by the Colorado State Tree Farm Committee as Colorado’s 2015 Outstanding Tree Farmer of the Year.  Such recognition verifies that a landowner is doing exemplary work in their practice of sustainable forest management.




Photo courtesy of CSFS


 
Scott Hamilton
Sustainable living and community giving is the cornerstone of Scott Hamiliton, a Forest Ag participant, Tree Farmer and retired Colorado State University psychology professor in Larimer County. In 2003, Scott settled into his off-grid, solar-powered home, which he built on the forested land he purchased in 1989. Scott has tapped into a new niche market in which he has created wood crafts for all to enjoy made from forest products that come from the 40-acre Hamilton Tree Farm. Included among the many crafts are grandfather clocks, walking sticks, canes, candle holders, rustic furniture, children’s toys and games... the list goes on. The crafts have been displayed at two art and craft shows. Many of the crafts have been given to charities, friends, colleagues and individuals that help on the Hamilton Tree Farm. The largest donation occurred in 2013, when Scott made more than 130 canes and walking sticks for the City of Fort Collins Senior Center to motivate increased walking and exercise by seniors. Additionally, Scott has broadened his woodworking to Native American-inspired crafts and donated them to the Native American Heritage Association and the Boys Scouts of America c/o Ben Delatour Scout Ranch. Through creativity, Scott invests to maintain a healthy forest while catering to the wants and needs of his community.


Photo courtesy of CSFS

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This publication was produced by the CSFS in collaboration with the USDA Forest Service. CSFS programs are available to all without discrimination. No endorsement of products or services is intended, nor is criticism implied of products not mentioned.

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