Close Reading has become one of the most effective ways for teaching reading comprehension, text structure, and in-depth meaning of texts. It is a way to help students become proficient, independent thinkers and readers.
Click on the image below to read more about Tim Shanahan's blog on Close Reading.
So what is Close Reading? An instructional approach where students engage in multiple reads of a text to investigate its meaning(s), vocabulary, style, and language structure utilized. Close reading
allows students to dig deeper into the text and make sense of what they read.
According to Tim Shanahan, Literacy Expert and Researcher, close reading
requires a substantial emphasis on readers figuring out a high quality text. This "figuring out" is accomplished primarily by reading and discussing the text (as opposed to being told about the text by a teacher or being informed about it through some textbook commentary).
What about my students with disabilities? What can I do to help them? One way to address students with disabilities is by providing supports for them as they embark on the journey of close reading
. We can do this through having talks about the text we read as a group. We can use sentence starters that address what the author is saying, the challenging words the author uses, the essential message the author wants the reader to understand, and the language the author uses to add meaning to the text.
Click on the image below to download the foursquare template
that can be used to address the areas mentioned.
You can also cut the foursquare template cards and pass them out to the students to set a purpose for reading a particular text. The foursquare template cards can be addressed one at time.
Remember that the end goal of engaging in close reading
is for the students to eventually become independent readers equipped with the right tools to analyze and discover the essence of a text.
Timothy Shanahan is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus of urban education at the University of Illinois at Chicago and a former first-grade teacher.
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